Everywhere in the world, people like a hot cup of tea to start their day with. Everybody has different preferences and ways in which they like their tea. In India, for example, there has been an age-old tradition of “Masala Chai” in place, which is black tea brewed with added milk and sugar, with some fresh Indian spices and other ingredients. Other than this, people commonly choose between two common types of tea, which is black tea and green tea.
Both are considered healthy hot beverages with tons of health benefits, and depending on what you are looking for and what entices your taste buds, you can either go for black or green tea. But if you are looking for differences between the two, you have come to the right place!
Black tea is tea rolled and oxidized in the sun and air. This oxidation process is the major difference between green and black tea, and is also the reason for their individual colours as well. This oxidation process gives black tea a heightened aroma and flavour, whereas lack of the oxidation process allows green tea to preserve some natural elements which are responsible for positive health benefits. So let’s look a the differences and benefits of each.
Black & Green Tea Shared Benefits
Both these variations have very different colour and taste from each other, but since they both come from the same plant, they have some shared benefits.
- Heart Protection: Green and black tea, both have a rich amount of protective antioxidants called polyphenols, specifically flavonoids which are a type of polyphenols. Both green and black tea has different amounts of different polyphenols, but all in all, they both work well to keep your heart protected. Drinking either black or green tea regularly has great benefits for your heart. It also helps in lowering blood pressure.
- Boost in Brain Function: Caffeine is a component that is highly sought after and people drink coffee to fulfil that requirement usually. But regardless, black and green tea also contains caffeine. Green tea contains a little less caffeine than black tea, but has it none the less. Caffeine gives you a sense of alertness and increase in concentration. It also releases mood-enhancing neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin, helping in better brain function.
Green Tea has Powerful Antioxidant EGCG
EGCG or epigallocatechin-3-gallate is a highly potent antioxidant that is found in green tea in rich amounts. This one element is responsible for most of the health benefits that green tea provides. Although it contains other antioxidants which it shares with black tea as well, EGC is the powerful differentiator that makes all the difference. It helps in preventing Cancer, Alzheimer’s, Liver diseases etc. It also has anti-fatigue properties, and has a calming effect on the brain.
Black Tea has Theaflavins
The polyphenols theaflavins are exclusive to black tea and are another group of antioxidants that have great benefits. These components are formed from the oxidation process which is why green tea is devoid of them. Theaflavins protect us against damaging free radicals, and also protect fat cells from damage. It also supports the body’s natural antioxidant production and protects the heart and blood vessels. Theaflavins are also responsible for reducing cholesterol and blood sugar levels. This is a big reason why people prefer starting their morning with black tea.
The bottom line is, both green and black tea have mostly similar effects, but the aspects in which they differ are important and are the basis on which choices are made. Whether you are looking for peace of mind or fat loss, green or black tea are both great drinks. They offer health benefits and brilliant crisp tastes when brewed right!
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